Portoscuso

Comune in Sardinia, Italy

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Portoscuso
Portescusi
Comune di Portoscuso
Touristic port of Portoscuso

Touristic port of Portoscuso
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Coat of arms of Portoscuso

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Location of Portoscuso
Map
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Portoscuso is located in Italy

Portoscuso
Portoscuso
Location of Portoscuso in Sardinia

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Portoscuso is located in Sardinia

Portoscuso
Portoscuso
Portoscuso (Sardinia)

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Coordinates: .mw-parser-output .geo-default,.mw-parser-output .geo-dms,.mw-parser-output .geo-dec{display:inline}.mw-parser-output .geo-nondefault,.mw-parser-output .geo-multi-punct,.mw-parser-output .geo-inline-hidden{display:none}.mw-parser-output .longitude,.mw-parser-output .latitude{white-space:nowrap}39°13′N 8°23′E / 39.217°N 8.383°E / 39.217; 8.383
Country Italy
Region Sardinia
Province South Sardinia
Frazioni Paringianu, Brunc’ ‘e Teula, Portovesme
Government

 • Mayor Ignazio Atzori
Area

 • Total 39.1 km2 (15.1 sq mi)
Elevation

6 m (20 ft)
Population

 (30 April 2014)[1]
 • Total 5,242
 • Density 130/km2 (350/sq mi)
Demonym Portoscusesi
Time zone UTC+1 (CET)
 • Summer (DST) UTC+2 (CEST)
Postal code
09010
Dialing code 0781
Patron saint San Giovanni Battista (John the Baptist), Santa Maria d’Itria
Website Official website

Portoscuso (Portescusi in Sardinian language) is a comune (municipality) in the Province of South Sardinia in the Italian region Sardinia, located about 75 kilometres (47 mi) west of Cagliari and about 14 kilometres (9 mi) northwest of Carbonia. The languages used here are Italian and Sardinian Campidanese.

Portoscuso borders the following municipalities: Carbonia, Gonnesa, and San Giovanni Suergiu.

Torre Spagnola (Spanish Tower)

History[edit]

Human presence in this territory dates back to Neolithic times. Bronze Age sites include the ruins of several Nuraghe (e.g. Baccu Ollasta) and the rock shelter of Punta Niedda, where the bones of 6 individuals and various objects of the Bonnanaro culture were recovered in the 1940s.[2]

The area was then frequented by the Phoenicians, followed by the Punics and the Romans of whose passage some evidence remains, in particular regarding the funerary aspect, with the necropolises in the San Giorgio[3] and Piccinu Mortu areas.

In the Middle Age this territory, as the rest of the Sulcis region, was part of the Giudicato of Cagliari until 1258, then it was part of the Della Gherardesca possessions and later, from 1324, part of the Kingdom of Sardinia, one of the kingdoms forming the Crown of Aragon.

The town originated in the 17th century from a hamlet inhabited by tuna and coral fishermen. Its name came from the Catalan Puerto Escos (hidden port).[4] It became a comune in 1853, during the rule of the House of Savoy.

Su Pranu

Notable sights include the Spanish Tower (16th century), the church of Madonna d’Itria (17th century) and the Arsenal, known as Su Pranu (17th century).

The town is extremely proud of its famous tuna fishery, and is restoring the original buildings.

Demographics[edit]

In 1861, year of the unification of Italy, Portoscuso had 502 inhabitants.[5]
After the Second World War, the industrial center of Portovesme developed during the 1960s and 1970s. Between 1951 and 1961 the population grew by +42.6%, while between 1961 and 1971 by +32.8%, the demographic increase continued until the 1990s, reaching almost 6000 inhabitants in 1991.[5]

As of 2023, 1.3% (65 people) of the population was foreign, of which the largest group were Moroccans, Chinese and Romanians.[6]

Economy[edit]

At Portoscuso, there is Sulcis Power Station, the largest power station of Sardinia, whose chimney is the tallest man-made structure on Sardinia.

As of 2020, Portoscuso is the municipality with the highest per capita income in the province of South Sardinia, equal to 18,717€. [7]

Gallery[edit]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

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  1. ^ All demographics and other statistics: Italian statistical institute Istat.
  2. ^ .mw-parser-output cite.citation{font-style:inherit;word-wrap:break-word}.mw-parser-output .citation q{quotes:”””””””‘””‘”}.mw-parser-output .citation:target{background-color:rgba(0,127,255,0.133)}.mw-parser-output .id-lock-free.id-lock-free a{background:url(“//upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/6/65/Lock-green.svg”)right 0.1em center/9px no-repeat}body:not(.skin-timeless):not(.skin-minerva) .mw-parser-output .id-lock-free a{background-size:contain}.mw-parser-output .id-lock-limited.id-lock-limited a,.mw-parser-output .id-lock-registration.id-lock-registration a{background:url(“//upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/d/d6/Lock-gray-alt-2.svg”)right 0.1em center/9px no-repeat}body:not(.skin-timeless):not(.skin-minerva) .mw-parser-output .id-lock-limited a,body:not(.skin-timeless):not(.skin-minerva) .mw-parser-output .id-lock-registration a{background-size:contain}.mw-parser-output .id-lock-subscription.id-lock-subscription a{background:url(“//upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/a/aa/Lock-red-alt-2.svg”)right 0.1em center/9px no-repeat}body:not(.skin-timeless):not(.skin-minerva) .mw-parser-output .id-lock-subscription a{background-size:contain}.mw-parser-output .cs1-ws-icon a{background:url(“//upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/4/4c/Wikisource-logo.svg”)right 0.1em center/12px no-repeat}body:not(.skin-timeless):not(.skin-minerva) .mw-parser-output .cs1-ws-icon a{background-size:contain}.mw-parser-output .cs1-code{color:inherit;background:inherit;border:none;padding:inherit}.mw-parser-output .cs1-hidden-error{display:none;color:#d33}.mw-parser-output .cs1-visible-error{color:#d33}.mw-parser-output .cs1-maint{display:none;color:#2C882D;margin-left:0.3em}.mw-parser-output .cs1-format{font-size:95%}.mw-parser-output .cs1-kern-left{padding-left:0.2em}.mw-parser-output .cs1-kern-right{padding-right:0.2em}.mw-parser-output .citation .mw-selflink{font-weight:inherit}html.skin-theme-clientpref-night .mw-parser-output .cs1-maint{color:#18911F}html.skin-theme-clientpref-night .mw-parser-output .cs1-visible-error,html.skin-theme-clientpref-night .mw-parser-output .cs1-hidden-error{color:#f8a397}@media(prefers-color-scheme:dark){html.skin-theme-clientpref-os .mw-parser-output .cs1-visible-error,html.skin-theme-clientpref-os .mw-parser-output .cs1-hidden-error{color:#f8a397}html.skin-theme-clientpref-os .mw-parser-output .cs1-maint{color:#18911F}}Riparo sottoroccia Punta Niedda (riparo sottoroccia) (in Italian), retrieved 26 February 2024
  3. ^ San Giorgio (area ad uso funerario necropoli) (in Italian), retrieved 26 February 2024
  4. ^ “Comune di Portoscuso”. SIUSA.archivi.beniculturali.it.
  5. ^ a b “Censimenti popolazione Portoscuso 1861-2011”. Retrieved 10 November 2022.
  6. ^ Cittadini stranieri Portoscuso 2023 (in Italian), retrieved 26 February 2024
  7. ^ Il Sole 24 ore, Italia sempre più disuguale. Solo il 5% guadagna più di 55mila euro. La mappa interattiva di Intwig dei redditi Comune per Comune, 13 aprile 2022

External links[edit]

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